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FAQs - Frequently Asked Questions

Question Answer Edit

Is there a cure for dyslexia?

There is no "cure" for dyslexia. But there are many effective interventions and strategies that will allow a person with dyslexia to function very successfully both at work and in their personal life.

What is the difference between high-functioning autism (HFA) and Asperger syndrome 

High-functioning autism and Asperger syndrome are both part of the 'autism spectrum'. The main difference between the two is thought to be in language development: people with Asperger syndrome, typically, will not have had delayed language development when younger.

You can find more details on the National Autistic Society website.

How many people have autism?

It is estimated that about 1% of the population may have autism. But since there is no register, there are no exact numbers. See here for more details.

How do you diagnose autism?

This is not a simple question. Because autism is a spectrum condition different methods are appropriate for different people. Some people can even live with autism their whole lives without ever receiging a formal diagnosis.

You can find more information about autism diagnosis on the National Autistic Society website.

Does autism affect everyone in the same way?

Autism is a spectrum condition. All people with autism share certain difficulties but autism affects them differently. Sometimes the impact is mild and people with autism can lead independent lives but others need specialist support. 

How many people have learning disabilities?

In 2011, it is estimated that there were 1,191,000 people in England who have learning disabilities which includes 286,000 children and 905,000 adults (530,000 men and 375,000 women). (Emerson, Hatton et al 2011)

Between 20-30% of prisoners have a learning difficulty (including learning disabilities) that interfere with their ability to cope with the criminal Justice system (Loucks 2007)

Mottram (2007) identified that 7% of prisoners in HMP Liverpool, Styal and Hindley have an IQ of less than 70 and a further 25% have an IQ of less than 80.

How many people in the UK have dyslexia?

Up to 10% of people have dyslexia and in 4% of the cases, the condition is severe enough to require special support. In many areas such as the prison system, the proportion of people with dyslexia can be as high as 30%.

Are boys or girls more likely to be dyslexic?

There is no difference between boys and girls when it comes to dyslexia. However, in the past boys were more likely to be identified as dyslexic.